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Monday, 19 March 2018

Performance Improvement of Active Power Filters based on P-Q and D-Q Control Methods under Non-Ideal Supply Voltage Conditions

In this paper, we investigate the effect of unbalanced and distorted supply voltages on the performance of active power filters that are based on the well-known p-q and d-q control methods. Our analysis shows that the harmonic suppression performance of the p-q and d-q control methods deteriorates when non-ideal sources are used. We propose the use of a self tuning filter (STF) with the p-q theory or d-q method as a way of alleviating the detrimental effects of non-ideal supply voltages. Simulation results show that the proposed method can improve the performance of active power filters under non-ideal voltage conditions.



Fig.1.Block diagram of simulated APF


Fig.2 Three phase balanced and undistorted (ideal) source voltage

Fig.3. Supply currents with p-q method under case 1. (THDi=2.1%)

Fig.4. Supply currents with d-q method under case 1. (THDi=2.07)

Fig.5. Distorted and unbalanced source voltages for case 2.

Fig.6. Supply currents with p-q method under case 2.

Fig.7. Supply currents with d-q method under case 2.

Fig.8. Supply currents with STF based p-q method under case 3.

Fig.9. Supply currents with STF based d-q method under case 3.

In this paper, we consider the effect of an unbalanced and distorted supply on the performance of the well-known p-q theory and d-q methods for active power filters. The ability of these methods to combat current harmonics deteriorates significantly when a non-ideal supply voltage is used. A modification to the p-q and d-q methods is then proposed for alleviating the effects of an imperfect supply. This involves the use of a self-tuning filter (STF) with p-q theory and the d-q method. We show that the total harmonic distortion of source current (THDi) can be reduced by up to around 2.30 % with the use of a STF under non-ideal voltage conditions. In addition, our comparative results show that an STFbased d-q method performs better than an STF-based p-q theory.
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